• Board contributors include instructors with "800" GMAT scores.
  • 95% of posts have replies within 24 hours.
  • Join for discounts with 800score, VeritasPrep and ManhattanGMAT


FAQ  - Register  - Search - Login 

All times are UTC - 7 hours




Post new topic Reply to topic  [ 1 post ] 
Author Message
 Post subject: GMAT Sets
PostPosted: Wed Apr 10, 2013 3:41 am 
Offline
User avatar

Joined: Fri Apr 09, 2010 2:11 pm
Posts: 459
120 children are participating in a summer camp and all of them must choose at least one of the French or Spanish language workshops in which to participate. 32 of the children have selected to participate in both workshops. If 24 children participate exclusively in the French workshop, approximately what percentage of all the children exclusively participate in the Spanish workshop?
A. 40%
B. 48%
C. 50%
D. 53%
E. 64%

The best way to solve these kinds of problems is by creating a Venn diagram. Start by drawing two circles that overlap such that they share some fraction of their areas. The boundaries of the circles will encompass the number of students that participate in each language workshop. The section where they overlap represents students that take both languages. You can arbitrarily label the left lobe with an F for French and the Right lobe with an S for Spanish. The sum of the populations in each lobe must be equal to the sum of the children, or 120.
Image

Since there are 24 children exclusively taking French the F lobe should have the number 24 in it. Since there are 32 children taking both languages, the middle lobe should have a 32 in it. We will solve for the number of children taking only Spanish, so label the S lobe with an x.
Image

The sum of the lobes, as we mentioned must equal 120, so we can solve for x by solving the equation: 24 + 32 + x = 120, or x = 64. So, there are exactly 64 children exclusively participating in the Spanish workshop.

Finally, to determine what percentage of the student population the 64 exclusive Spanish taking students constitute, we set up the ratio: part/whole = 64/120 = 8/15, or approximately 53 percent.

Furthermore, for better understanding here is the Venn diagram with percentages:
Image

Image
Top
 Profile  
 
Display posts from previous:  Sort by  
Post new topic Reply to topic  [ 1 post ] 

All times are UTC - 7 hours


Who is online

Users browsing this forum: No registered users and 3 guests


You cannot post new topics in this forum
You cannot reply to topics in this forum
You cannot edit your posts in this forum
You cannot delete your posts in this forum
You cannot post attachments in this forum

Search for:
Jump to:  
cron
Powered by phpBB © 2000, 2002, 2005, 2007 phpBB Group
Template made by DEVPPL -
phpBB SEO
 
GMAT(TM) and GMAT CAT (TM) are registered trademarks of the Graduate Management Admission Council(TM). The Graduate Management Admission Council(TM) does not endorse, nor is affiliated in any way with the owner or any content of this site.