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3b. Analysis of an Argument - Free GMAT Guide
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Ajeet Khurana
Ajeet was About.com's GMAT expert and has published books on preparing for the GMAT through McGraw Hill. Ajeet is an expert on the MBA admissions process and a graduate of The University of Texas at Austin, McCombs School of Business.
Analysis of an Argument

The second section of Analytical Writing Assessment also consists of analytical writing task and has to be completed in the next 30 minutes. In this task, the candidate has to analyse how logically persuasive the argument presented in the question is?



Examples


“The owners of the Cumquat Cafe evidently made a good business decision in moving to a new location, as can be seen from the fact that the Cafe will soon celebrate its second anniversary there. Moreover, it appears that businesses are not likely to succeed at the old location: since the Cafe’s move, three different businesses - a tanning salon, an antique emporium, and a pet-grooming shop - have occupied its former spot.” 

Discuss how well reasoned you find this argument. In your discussion be sure to analyze the line of reasoning and the use of evidence in the argument. For example, you may need to consider what questionable assumptions underlie the thinking and what alternative explanations or counterexamples might weaken the conclusion. You can also discuss what sort of evidence would strengthen or refute the argument, what changes in the argument would make it more logically sound, and what, if anything, would help you better evaluate its conclusion.

Example 2


“Over the past decade, the price per pound of citrus fruit has increased substantially each year. Eleven years ago, it was common for a store to charge 15 cents a pound for lemons, but today stores commonly charge over a dollar a pound. In only one of these last eleven years was the weather unfavorable for growing citrus crops. So citrus growers must have been unnecessarily raising the prices of citrus fruit. Therefore, strict pricing regulations are needed in order to prevent the citrus growers from continuing to inflate the prices.”

Discuss how well reasoned you find this argument. In your discussion be sure to analyze the line of reasoning and the use of evidence in the argument. For example, you may need to consider what questionable assumptions underlie the thinking and what alternative explanations or counterexamples might weaken the conclusion. You can also discuss what sort of evidence would strengthen or refute the argument, what changes in the argument would make it more logically sound, and what, if anything, would help you better evaluate its conclusion.




 



 
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